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Scaleable, hyper-active, extraction of fresh water from salt/seawater
(minus SWRO's huge costs)

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"Helping to resolve the world's fresh water shortage."

התפלה בת קיימא לעולם
Sustainable desalination for the world

תיקון עולם
Tikkun Olam

t
04 על הסלע הך.mp3

Layman's Guide to KESS:

The Layman’s Guide to KESS®© Technologies
Optimized Modular Desalination Cells
Helping to solve the world’s fresh water shortage


Many have asked for a simple concise guide to complement the KESS Science and Patent White Papers, which focuses on the “how” and “why” questions, primarily utilizing the physics and the math.

While appropriate for some, most people aren’t really interested in formulas, variables, equations, etc. … just a simple quick explanation, “What is “It”, and How does “It” work? ...in straightforward simple to understand language.

So here goes.

What is KESS? KESS Cells represents the ability to affordably and economically extract fresh water from salt/brackish waters on a modularly based large scale, without RO membranes, motors, and pumps. At its lowest common denominator, KESS (Kinetic Energy Solar Still) captures and sums many small incremental improvements and discovered physics phenomena, to vastly increase the overall efficiency of desalination systems, while importantly, requiring only renewable energy (solar, wind, donkeys/camels walking in circles, etc.).

When people ask how KESS works (recently U.S. Patents and Intr’l WIPO Trademark published), our best reply, to date, has been to use an example most all of us can relate to. We offer that, generally speaking, KESS can be thought of as a “hurricane in a box”. Painting that “word picture” pretty much says it all.

Just like birds hinting to men, that flight Was possible, hurricanes can lead us to understand, and offer many hints for how to extract fresh drinkable water from the saline oceans/seas.

Most everyone knows that hurricanes are responsible for extracting and collecting massive amounts of fresh water, from the salt water oceans/seas, transporting and dumping (sometimes many feet of it), onto dry land. We’ve seen and experienced this first hand.

The planet is what scientists universally call an “open system”. That is, man can’t and doesn’t control any of these many processes… We can only observe, monitor, and record the results. How fast are the winds? What are the air and water temps? Where and how much water is collected? What is the air pressure? Etc.…

But, What If, what IF, in a fully enclosed “closed system” you could not only observe and monitor these variables, but control, optimize and maximize them at the same time as well? The standard accepted evaporation predication equation used for almost 60 years has only (6) variables. KESS not only controls these variables in a “box” (closed system), but adds another (10) previously undescribed and primarily unknown variables; while simultaneously optimizing and maximizing each. And when you sum all these small (and some large) incremental improvements, within a closed system, the resultant production gain is sizeable.

We KNOW (control and optimize) how the fresh water separates/evaporates from the salt water. We KNOW (control and optimize) where and when the water will condense and collect. We KNOW (and control) what the internal temps and pressures are. We KNOW (and maximize) what the evaporative surface areas are; (no longer squared on a level (X*Y), but rather nearly (X*Y) ^3)) inside the system. How? In some part, by optimizing the surface areas and controlled via programmed internal micro voltage powered PLC’s (automated computer controls), sensors and valves.

IF you understand and comply with the physics and what the math says MUST happen, the rest is seemingly straightforward, providing the appropriate are known and controlled.

The autonomous discrete and modular KESS Cell devices actually then become the derivate result of what the equations describe. In fact, you can see the parts in situ and their corresponding variables. It all makes perfect sense, once seen in the proper light.

Let’s take a step back and quickly look at the competing desalination technologies and how they compare to KESS. Reverse Osmosis (RO), standard and multi-effect Solar Desalination.

RO systems, universally, all share common theory and attributes. Push salt water through semi-permeable membranes that capture the salt ions, using much of this extracted water to backflush the salt out of the membranes, then dump the resulting (highly toxic concentrated) brine back into the source (sea, ocean, etc.), then repeat.

What pressures do RO and salt water RO (SWRO) systems require? Anywhere from 1,000 – 2,000 psi… Which is a LOT. This requires expensive, often replaced membranes, huge, expensive pumps, and even larger high wattage, power draining motors. And, afterwards you’re dumping more than half of the intake water right back into the ocean/sea, as a highly toxic, environmentally hazardous waste material concentrated brine that kills everything in huge “dead zones”. That’s RO (SWRO), in a nutshell. “Good, bad, and ugly.”

Note: It should be strongly emphasized here that KESS technology, (owing to the absence of foulable/clogged membranes), will be working extremely well in concert with, (not against) SWRO plants. How? KESS can easily accept the toxic effluent water from SWRO systems, and efficiently reduce it down to its baggable byproducts salt, and water. KESS can effortlessly go places where no RO system can.

Let’s now look at some of the earlier attempts at solar desalination. Many bright, learned, and well-funded people have failed in these directions. Ignoring (or perhaps unfamiliar with the physics and underlying principles). Earlier systems attempted to focus maximum solar energy (with large parabolic mirrors, etc.) onto static, horizontal, minimized, surface areas (long round pipe tubes, etc.)

As it was “known and assumed” that water needed to heated to the boiling point for steam to form, and desalination to occur, all of these systems required high temps (at 212º F/100ºC), which (according to the basic gas laws) necessarily resulted in high vapor pressures (which in actuality was acting in direct opposition to the evaporation they were trying to achieve) resulting in the need for even more (expensive) power to inefficiently compensate, then condense and collect the water. These scenarios created multiple problems. The pipes quickly clogged; systems failed. And, for the short time they were operating, only ran during daylight hours. (Note: KESS operates 24/7).

Memo/Hint: The take away to be learned from water boiling isn’t the high joule input and temperatures required, rather, it is the continuous release of gas from solution, which unbinds/captures and frees water molecules from solution as the air rises from the liquid. KESS induces a volumetric “gas release” via much less costly means than the mega joules required for boiling water.

Lets’ look at how hurricanes (and KESS) operate. As with hurricanes, KESS doesn’t require high pressures… In fact, hurricanes and KESS operate efficiently at very low pressures, minus psi, not 1,000-2,000 psi. Likewise, KESS doesn’t require high temps, in fact KESS operates efficiently at around 90ºF, like every hurricane. And KESS, like hurricanes, are anything but static, like all other prior solar desalination systems.

In fact, KESS derives its WIPO World trademarked name in part, from a highly agitated, violent, environment, just like hurricanes, by introduction of kinetic mixing on several levels. As no/little pressure or mechanical torque/friction is introduced into the system (relative to RO), very little costly power is necessary or required.

Hurricanes condense water by cooling and other processes; so does KESS, but not by going up in elevation, but by increasing atmospheric pressure (again while simultaneously decreasing atmospheric pressure in the prior evaporation phase), and then going downward with the humidified air flow, utilizing the earth’s “universal” planet wide, below grade ambient temperature, to create temperature delta drops often in excess of 40º-50ºF, to cool the surface collection elements, necessary for condensation optimization.

So, if you look at the directions all the others have taken, and they have all gone in one direction, KESS goes in the exact opposite… When they all have Zigged, KESS has Zagged…. This is a brief summary, with many of the “classified” details obviously omitted, but in general, That’s KESS in a nutshell.

Floatable: KESS Cells are not necessarily land based as might be expected or presumed. It should be inserted here that KESS cells are designed and engineered to also float. Where protected bays, inlets, and harbors are the only space available, KESS cells can produce their fresh water, while floating.

KESS downsides: Nothing is perfect or free and this paper would be incomplete without mentioning both sides of the equation. While KESS will be much cheaper to install and operate, easier to use, far more energy efficient, and (most critically) - completely environmentally benign and Safe, KESS Cells are not the best solution in all situations.

  • KESS requires substantially more land area (3-4X) than RO, on a strictly - m^3 water produced / m^2 land area basis. So if land area is unavailable or at a high premium, KESS may not be the best solution. Piping the salt/saline water to inexpensive unused land for KESS to operate may offer the best compromise.
  • KESS still needs critical health minerals (mg+, etc.) re-added to the produced fresh water (like all distilled/bottled water) if used for long term drinking purposes.
  • KESS does not seamlessly work in VOC (volatile organic compound/high vapor pressure) contaminated water sources. IF necessary a VOC pre-treatment system is still required.
  • If the byproduct(s) is/are not a valuable /saleable commodity (like salt), then an approved storage site and transportation may be required.

That being said; in most situations KESS will likely be the only cost effective and viable alternative to RO today. In areas without access to substantial electrical power, or a continuous/affordable fuel source, KESS is potentially the only option. In relation to the environment and planet, the choice is clear.



For contact and more info: kesstechnologies.com


The Layman’s Guide to KESS®© Technologies
Optimized Modular Desalination Cells
Helping to solve the world’s fresh water shortage


Many have asked for a simple concise guide to complement the KESS Science and Patent White Papers, which focuses on the “how” and “why” questions, primarily utilizing the physics and the math.

While appropriate for some, most people aren’t really interested in formulas, variables, equations, etc. … just a simple quick explanation, “What is “It”, and How does “It” work? ...in straightforward simple to understand language.

So here goes.

What is KESS? KESS Cells represents the ability to affordably and economically extract fresh water from salt/brackish waters on a modularly based large scale, without RO membranes, motors, and pumps. At its lowest common denominator, KESS (Kinetic Energy Solar Still) captures and sums many small incremental improvements and discovered physics phenomena, to vastly increase the overall efficiency of desalination systems, while importantly, requiring only renewable energy (solar, wind, donkeys/camels walking in circles, etc.).

When people ask how KESS works (recently U.S. Patents and Intr’l WIPO Trademark published), our best reply, to date, has been to use an example most all of us can relate to. We offer that, generally speaking, KESS can be thought of as a “hurricane in a box”. Painting that “word picture” pretty much says it all.

Just like birds hinting to men, that flight Was possible, hurricanes can lead us to understand, and offer many hints for how to extract fresh drinkable water from the saline oceans/seas.

Most everyone knows that hurricanes are responsible for extracting and collecting massive amounts of fresh water, from the salt water oceans/seas, transporting and dumping (sometimes many feet of it), onto dry land. We’ve seen and experienced this first hand.

The planet is what scientists universally call an “open system”. That is, man can’t and doesn’t control any of these many processes… We can only observe, monitor, and record the results. How fast are the winds? What are the air and water temps? Where and how much water is collected? What is the air pressure? Etc.…

But, What If, what IF, in a fully enclosed “closed system” you could not only observe and monitor these variables, but control, optimize and maximize them at the same time as well? The standard accepted evaporation predication equation used for almost 60 years has only (6) variables. KESS not only controls these variables in a “box” (closed system), but adds another (10) previously undescribed and primarily unknown variables; while simultaneously optimizing and maximizing each. And when you sum all these small (and some large) incremental improvements, within a closed system, the resultant production gain is sizeable.

We KNOW (control and optimize) how the fresh water separates/evaporates from the salt water. We KNOW (control and optimize) where and when the water will condense and collect. We KNOW (and control) what the internal temps and pressures are. We KNOW (and maximize) what the evaporative surface areas are; (no longer squared on a level (X*Y), but rather nearly (X*Y) ^3)) inside the system. How? In some part, by optimizing the surface areas and controlled via programmed internal micro voltage powered PLC’s (automated computer controls), sensors and valves.

IF you understand and comply with the physics and what the math says MUST happen, the rest is seemingly straightforward, providing the appropriate are known and controlled.

The autonomous discrete and modular KESS Cell devices actually then become the derivate result of what the equations describe. In fact, you can see the parts in situ and their corresponding variables. It all makes perfect sense, once seen in the proper light.

Let’s take a step back and quickly look at the competing desalination technologies and how they compare to KESS. Reverse Osmosis (RO), standard and multi-effect Solar Desalination.

RO systems, universally, all share common theory and attributes. Push salt water through semi-permeable membranes that capture the salt ions, using much of this extracted water to backflush the salt out of the membranes, then dump the resulting (highly toxic concentrated) brine back into the source (sea, ocean, etc.), then repeat.

What pressures do RO and salt water RO (SWRO) systems require? Anywhere from 1,000 – 2,000 psi… Which is a LOT. This requires expensive, often replaced membranes, huge, expensive pumps, and even larger high wattage, power draining motors. And, afterwards you’re dumping more than half of the intake water right back into the ocean/sea, as a highly toxic, environmentally hazardous waste material concentrated brine that kills everything in huge “dead zones”. That’s RO (SWRO), in a nutshell. “Good, bad, and ugly.”

Note: It should be strongly emphasized here that KESS technology, (owing to the absence of foulable/clogged membranes), will be working extremely well in concert with, (not against) SWRO plants. How? KESS can easily accept the toxic effluent water from SWRO systems, and efficiently reduce it down to its baggable byproducts salt, and water. KESS can effortlessly go places where no RO system can.

Let’s now look at some of the earlier attempts at solar desalination. Many bright, learned, and well-funded people have failed in these directions. Ignoring (or perhaps unfamiliar with the physics and underlying principles). Earlier systems attempted to focus maximum solar energy (with large parabolic mirrors, etc.) onto static, horizontal, minimized, surface areas (long round pipe tubes, etc.)

As it was “known and assumed” that water needed to heated to the boiling point for steam to form, and desalination to occur, all of these systems required high temps (at 212º F/100ºC), which (according to the basic gas laws) necessarily resulted in high vapor pressures (which in actuality was acting in direct opposition to the evaporation they were trying to achieve) resulting in the need for even more (expensive) power to inefficiently compensate, then condense and collect the water. These scenarios created multiple problems. The pipes quickly clogged; systems failed. And, for the short time they were operating, only ran during daylight hours. (Note: KESS operates 24/7).

Memo/Hint: The take away to be learned from water boiling isn’t the high joule input and temperatures required, rather, it is the continuous release of gas from solution, which unbinds/captures and frees water molecules from solution as the air rises from the liquid. KESS induces a volumetric “gas release” via much less costly means than the mega joules required for boiling water.

Lets’ look at how hurricanes (and KESS) operate. As with hurricanes, KESS doesn’t require high pressures… In fact, hurricanes and KESS operate efficiently at very low pressures, minus psi, not 1,000-2,000 psi. Likewise, KESS doesn’t require high temps, in fact KESS operates efficiently at around 90ºF, like every hurricane. And KESS, like hurricanes, are anything but static, like all other prior solar desalination systems.

In fact, KESS derives its WIPO World trademarked name in part, from a highly agitated, violent, environment, just like hurricanes, by introduction of kinetic mixing on several levels. As no/little pressure or mechanical torque/friction is introduced into the system (relative to RO), very little costly power is necessary or required.

Hurricanes condense water by cooling and other processes; so does KESS, but not by going up in elevation, but by increasing atmospheric pressure (again while simultaneously decreasing atmospheric pressure in the prior evaporation phase), and then going downward with the humidified air flow, utilizing the earth’s “universal” planet wide, below grade ambient temperature, to create temperature delta drops often in excess of 40º-50ºF, to cool the surface collection elements, necessary for condensation optimization.

So, if you look at the directions all the others have taken, and they have all gone in one direction, KESS goes in the exact opposite… When they all have Zigged, KESS has Zagged…. This is a brief summary, with many of the “classified” details obviously omitted, but in general, That’s KESS in a nutshell.

Floatable: KESS Cells are not necessarily land based as might be expected or presumed. It should be inserted here that KESS cells are designed and engineered to also float. Where protected bays, inlets, and harbors are the only space available, KESS cells can produce their fresh water, while floating.

KESS downsides: Nothing is perfect or free and this paper would be incomplete without mentioning both sides of the equation. While KESS will be much cheaper to install and operate, easier to use, far more energy efficient, and (most critically) - completely environmentally benign and Safe, KESS Cells are not the best solution in all situations.

  • KESS requires substantially more land area (3-4X) than RO, on a strictly - m^3 water produced / m^2 land area basis. So if land area is unavailable or at a high premium, KESS may not be the best solution. Piping the salt/saline water to inexpensive unused land for KESS to operate may offer the best compromise.
  • KESS still needs critical health minerals (mg+, etc.) re-added to the produced fresh water (like all distilled/bottled water) if used for long term drinking purposes.
  • KESS does not seamlessly work in VOC (volatile organic compound/high vapor pressure) contaminated water sources. IF necessary a VOC pre-treatment system is still required.
  • If the byproduct(s) is/are not a valuable /saleable commodity (like salt), then an approved storage site and transportation may be required.

That being said; in most situations KESS will likely be the only cost effective and viable alternative to RO today. In areas without access to substantial electrical power, or a continuous/affordable fuel source, KESS is potentially the only option. In relation to the environment and planet, the choice is clear.



For contact and more info: kesstechnologies.com


Press Releases:

Mark D Goodley; KESS Technologies, Inc.; (760) 213-4958
KESSWater.com; markdgoodley@kesstechnologies.com

FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE: 03/22/2020

KESS Technologies, Inc. introduces its Patented “Wide Area Distributed Desalination” systems. KESS Technologies, prepares for production of their renewable micro energy powered desalination system

Reno, NV: Today, on this important World Water Day, KESS Technologies, Inc., a technology and manufacturing company specializing in the development and manufacturing of desalination systems, unrelated to Sea/Salt Water Reverse Osmosis (SWRO) systems, to produce fresh water from sea or brackish waters, announced that they are at the final stages of preproduction of the KESS 1 meter, version of its patented, innovative, wide area distributed, scalable, renewable energy powered, desalination system. The core of KESS units are factory (mass produced) high-density polyethylene (HDPE) plastic, using roto-molding and IM technologies.

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KESS approaches the critical task of creating fresh water from saltwater differently than any other system to date. KESS follows nature’s lessons and is a virtual “hurricane in a box©”. A closed system that maximizes/optimizes and captures the natural order of desalination…without expensive filters, high heat and/or 1,000psi high-pressure pumps and doesn’t return any toxic brine back to the source, as is standard with current SWRO desalination technology.

Unlike existing solar desalination systems, KESS Cells operate 24/7 (with and without sunlight), are modular, discrete, independently PLC controlled, and able to produce fresh water... 5 gallons per day (gpd) to 2,000 gpd (nearly 10m^3) increments, per cell, dependent upon cell size and conditions. Multiple cells can be combined to scale systems to serve any size and logistic requirement. KESS cells also float for land area challenged locations.

Mark D Goodley, President of KESS Technologies, Inc. is quoted as saying, “If you look at the directions all the others have taken, and they have all gone in one direction, KESS goes in the exact opposite…When they all have “Zigged”, KESS “Zags.” He has also said, “KESS has the potential to immediately start remediating the world’s fresh water shortage crisis.” “KESS cells aren’t too good to be true… just the derivative devices of a little physics, math, and chemistry that define evaporation, condensation, and electro-sterilization.”

Other than fresh water, the only bi-product of the water processed in KESS systems is the extracted salt. Rather than returning the brine back to the source, as is the case with SWRO systems, extracted salt is converted to human or livestock food, or building materials for construction of housing, food storage, schools, etc.

About KESS Technologies, Inc.: KTI is based in Reno, NV and was founded in 2018. The first KESS Patent was submitted in January 2019 and was issued six months later. The KESS worldwide Trademark was also approved in 2019. Prototypes were built and tested in 2019. Full scale plastic tool/molds are nearing completion and are due to be in production May 2020.
###

Followup to 3/22/2020 Press Release:

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Mark D Goodley; KESS Technologies, Inc.; (760) 213-4958
KESSWater.com; markdgoodley@kesstechnologies.com

FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE: 03/22/2020

We are pleased to announce the arrival of the first prototypes from our new production mold. Please see the images below of the mold and the prototypes. There are a few more items that need to be completed before we begin testing and optimizing, but we believe we should have testing results in just a couple of weeks. Standby for more exciting news from KESS!
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Mark D Goodley; KESS Technologies, Inc.; (760) 213-4958
KESSWater.com; markdgoodley@kesstechnologies.com

FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE: 03/22/2020

KESS Technologies, Inc. introduces its Patented “Wide Area Distributed Desalination” systems. KESS Technologies, prepares for production of their renewable micro energy powered desalination system

Reno, NV: Today, on this important World Water Day, KESS Technologies, Inc., a technology and manufacturing company specializing in the development and manufacturing of desalination systems, unrelated to Sea/Salt Water Reverse Osmosis (SWRO) systems, to produce fresh water from sea or brackish waters, announced that they are at the final stages of preproduction of the KESS 1 meter, version of its patented, innovative, wide area distributed, scalable, renewable energy powered, desalination system. The core of KESS units are factory (mass produced) high-density polyethylene (HDPE) plastic, using roto-molding and IM technologies. KESS approaches the critical task of creating fresh water from saltwater differently than any other system to date. KESS follows nature’s lessons and is a virtual “hurricane in a box©”. A closed system that maximizes/optimizes and captures the natural order of desalination…without expensive filters, high heat and/or 1,000psi high-pressure pumps and doesn’t return any toxic brine back to the source, as is standard with current SWRO desalination technology.

Unlike existing solar desalination systems, KESS Cells operate 24/7 (with and without sunlight), are modular, discrete, independently PLC controlled, and able to produce fresh water... 5 gallons per day (gpd) to 2,000 gpd (nearly 10m^3) increments, per cell, dependent upon cell size and conditions. Multiple cells can be combined to scale systems to serve any size and logistic requirement. KESS cells also float for land area challenged locations.

Mark D Goodley, President of KESS Technologies, Inc. is quoted as saying, “If you look at the directions all the others have taken, and they have all gone in one direction, KESS goes in the exact opposite…When they all have “Zigged”, KESS “Zags.” He has also said, “KESS has the potential to immediately start remediating the world’s fresh water shortage crisis.” “KESS cells aren’t too good to be true… just the derivative devices of a little physics, math, and chemistry that define evaporation, condensation, and electro-sterilization.”

Other than fresh water, the only bi-product of the water processed in KESS systems is the extracted salt. Rather than returning the brine back to the source, as is the case with SWRO systems, extracted salt is converted to human or livestock food, or building materials for construction of housing, food storage, schools, etc.

About KESS Technologies, Inc.: KTI is based in Reno, NV and was founded in 2018. The first KESS Patent was submitted in January 2019 and was issued six months later. The KESS worldwide Trademark was also approved in 2019. Prototypes were built and tested in 2019. Full scale plastic tool/molds are nearing completion and are due to be in production May 2020.
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